Papua New Guinea is located to the north of Australia and includes numerous islands in the Pacific Ocean also. Until 1930, the hinterland had not been explored at all. Only in the mid-20th c. did a couple of Australians, who were searching for gold deposits at higher altitudes, discovered, amazed, that around a million people lived in these wild areas, preserving a civilisation almost unchanged since Neolithic times. Tradition surfaces everywhere and composes a perfectly harmonised universe of primitive farming, and ancient customs. In the unique Mount Hagen Sing festival, which is held annually in the highlands, thousands of representatives from over 150 tribes from every corner of the island gather to compete for the best. The country has been left untouched by the passage of time, covering in just a few decades the dizzying distance from the Neolithic period to the modern world.